HPCET 2016 Admit Card

HPCET 2016 Admit Card: All the applicants who fill the application form correctly and submit their application form with application form fees those applicants can be downloaded their Admit card 2016. Admit card plays an important role in appearing in any examination hall without admit card, no applicants can appear in the HPCET 2016 Examination hall. So it is advised to the all applicants of the HPCET that download the admit card before the examination day and bring it to the examination hall. Applicants must carry the admit card / hall ticket to the examination centre and examination hall. Admit card of HPCET 2016 can be downloaded from the official website of HPCET which is www.himtu.ac.in. HP CET 2016 will be conducted on 14th May 2016 (B.Tech / B. Pharma / MBA / MCA) and 15th May 2016 (M.Tech / M.Pharma)

HPCET Admit card / Hall ticket Availability

HPCET 2016 Admit card will be available soon.

HPCET 2016 admit card

MBA : 25.04.2016
MCA : 27.04.2016
HP B.Tech (Direct Entry) and B. Pharmacy, B. Pharmacy (Ayurveda) : 20.04.2016
HP M.Tech & M. Pharmacy25.05.2016

About HPCET 2016 Admit card

There are some important details printed on HPCET admit card 2016 candidate must check carefully all details are:

  • All the information such as Exam Schedule, Candidates Particular, and Exam centre will be mentioned on the HPCET 2016 Admit card.
  • Name of Candidate.
  • Candidate Signature.
  • Candidate photos.
  • Application number.
  • Registration number, Enrollment number.
  • General information for the candidates.
  • Candidates observe any error in their admit card they can report to the Authorities.
  • Make sure that your ID proof is not an Expired.

Procedure of How to download the HPCET 2016 Admit card

Some simple steps to download their HPCET 2016 admit card scroll down and read the complete procedure are given below:

  • Visit to the official website of HPCET 2016.
  • Go to the Homepage.
  • Select the option of HPCET 2016.
  • Click the Link of “HPCET 2016 Admit card”.
  • Entre your registration number, date of birth and required details.
  • Select the Submit option.
  • Click the activated.
  • You can see the admit card on the computer screen.
  • You can download the HPCET 2016 admit card in PDF file.

This webpage is completed dedicated to HPCET 2016 admit card. You can book mark this page and visit again later to know the latest updates related to HPCET 2016 admit card.

Notes: More information visits the official website and this webpage also.

HPCET 2016 Result

HPCET 2016 Result: HPCET 2016 Result will be declared after examination on 31st May 2016. Every year thousands of students appeared in the HPCET and tried their best in the exam to get good score and rank. After the successfully completed the Application form, Admit card, Exam, Answer key process of the HPCET 2016, now all the students are waiting for the HPCET 2016 result. The HPCET result will be declared on the official website of HPCET 2016 which is www.himtu.ac.in.  All the students who appeared in the HPCET 2016 exam can check their result by visiting the official website of HPCET. Once the result will be declared on the official website of HPCET 2016 then students can check their result from this webpage also. Other information about HPCET result 2016 can be achieved from the official website of HPCET 2016.

HPCET 2016 Official Website

HPCET 2016 Official website which is: – www.himtu.ac.in

HPCET 2016 Result Declaration

HPCET 2016 result will be declared on 31st May 2016

Procedure of How to check the HPCET 2016 Result

Some simple steps for checking the HPCET 2016 Result then scroll down and read the complete procedure to check the HPCET 2016 Result.

  • Candidate must visit to the official website of HPCET: himtu.ac.in.
  • Click the link” Result and Merit list”
  • Students enter the detail like students name, date of birth, registration number etc.
  • Students must log in to the students profile.
  • Students check your Score and rank.
  • Click the button of “Download”.
  • Students must take a printout of Score card for further uses.

This webpage is completed dedicated to HPCET 2016 result .You can book mark this page and visit again later to know the latest updates related to HPCET result 2016.

Notes: More information visits the official website and this webpage also.

HPCET 2016 Application form

HPCET 2016 Application form: The HPCET is conducted by Himachal Pradesh technical university. The HPCET exam application form will be available on 28th February 2016 (expected).The HPCET is Himachal Pradesh technical university offering education in several branches of computer application and management engineering and technology, pharmacy through its various affiliated institutions. Himachal Pradesh technical university was generating with the main objective of fostering values and welfare in the society. The HPCET is state level and one of the most prestigious exam. Interested students must fill the application form of HPCEE to visit the official website of HPCEE which is www.himtu.ac.in.

Every year lots of candidates fill the HPCET application form. It is expecting that this year also thousands of candidates appear in this exam, lots of candidates wan to make career in this field and they do lots of hard work for passing HPCET examination. The online application form will be available on the official website, those students who want to fill HPCET exam they can visit to the official website of HPCET which is www.himtu.ac.in.

Once the application form will be available on the official website of HPCET then student can also fill the online application form for HPCET from this webpage.

HPCET online application form submission link will be activated soon.


The online registration date of HPCET 2016

The online submission of HPCET application form will start on 28th February.

Application form available date for HPCET 2016

Start date of application form submission Last date of application form submission
28.02.2016(expected) 24.04.2016(expected)


Start date of application form submission Last date of application form submission
28.02.2016(expected) 24.04.2016(expected)


HPCET B. Tech (Direct Entry), B. Pharmacy and B. Pharmacy, (Ayurveda)  2016
Start date of application form submission Last date of application form submission
28.02.2016(expected) 07.05.2016(expected)


HPCET M. Tech 2016
Start date of application form submission Last date of application form submission
28.02.2016(expected) 22.05.2016(expected)


HPCET M. Pharmacy 2016
Start date of application form submission Last date of application form submission
28.02.2016(expected) 22.05.2016(expected)

Official website of HPCET

The online application form of HPCET will be available on the official website of HPCET which is www.himtu.ac.in

Some steps for filling HPCET application form 2016

  1. In starting candidates will have to visit to the official website of HPCET which is www.himtu.ac.in
  2. Candidates have to enter their personal details as like candidates name, home address, contact no., date of birth.
  • Then candidates have to scan their passport size photograph, signature etc.
  1. After that candidates have to pay their application fee
  2. The application fee for general category candidate 1250-/- and for SC/ST/OBC 1100-/-
  3. Candidates can pay their fee through debit/credit card, and also pay any branches of SBI bank.

Eligibility criteria of HPCET 2016

Eligibility criteria for B.TECH engineering and technology: The candidate should have passed 10+2 from recognize university. Physics and mathematics is the compulsory subject along with any one subject among chemistry/biology/biotechnology. You must have scored 45% in all subjects.

Eligibility criteria for B.Pharm: The candidate should have passed 10+2 from recognize university. Physics and mathematics is the compulsory subject along with any one subject among chemistry/biology/biotechnology. You must have scored 45% in all subjects.

Eligibility criteria M.TECH: Candidates must have completed their bachelor degree in the concerned field and they must have scored 45%.

Eligibility criteria M.Pharmecy: candidates must have completed bachelor degree in pharmacy, and must have obtained 55%.

This web page is completely dedicated to HPCET application form 2016 you can bookmark this web page and visit again later to know the latest updates related to HPCET application form 2016.

Download HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers

Download HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers: Applicants are informed that they can download HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers from this webpage for free. HPCET is stands for Himachal Pradesh Technical University conducts Common Entrance Test who conduct an entrance exam for admission to B.Tech./B.Pharmacy/ B.Pharmacy (Ayurveda), M.Tech, M.Pharmacy, MCA and MBA courses/programme.applicants can download HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers if they wanted to go through HPCET 2016 exam. By practicing through sample paper will get all the details regarding HPCET 2016 exam pattern, syllabus, types of questions, timing etc. sample papers and practice papers are always helpful for preparation of any kind of exam. So this is good news for you that you can download HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers from this webpage for free.

Advantages of HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers

S.NO   Advantages of HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers
1 HPCET 2016 Sample papers and practice papers help you to know about right format of the exam.
2 By solving HPCET 2016 practice papers you will know about exact type of problems which will come in the main exam.
3 You can manage your time in the exam in proper way.
4 You can also check your difficulty area from practicing through sample paper and practice papers.
5 Sample papers also provide you previous years question papers by which you can better understand the exam pattern.
6 By practicing more according to the exam pattern you can get good score in the examination.
7 By solving Sample papers and practice papers you will be more confident about exam.
8 You are familiarized with main exam pattern by practicing Sample papers and practice papers.
9 It will definitely increase your performance in the main exam of HPCET 2016.

HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers

Applicants who are preparing for HPCET 2016 they can solve sample papers in offline mode as well as online mode.

           Offline mode            Online mode
You are advised to practice Sample Papers & practice papers in offline mode first. So, you better understand exam pattern and syllabus. After practicing  Sample Papers & practice papers in offline mode you are advised to practice in online mode
In offline mode there is no restriction of time There is restriction for time in online mode.
You can understand exam in proper way. Online mode is good to develops speed and accuracy both for exam.

Download HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers:

Link will be updated soon.

  • Sample paper 1
  • Sample paper 2
  • Sample paper 3
  • Sample paper 4
  • Sample paper 5

Note: you can download HPCET 2016 Sample Papers & practice papers from this webpage for free from given link.


HPCET 2016 Counselling, Seat Allotment Details

HPCET 2016 Counselling, Seat Allotment Details: Himachal Pradesh Technical University will be conduct counselling of HPCET 2016 for the candidates, who appear in the HPCET 2016. HPTU will be announced counselling schedule of HPCET 2016. The selection of the students for admission to various courses colleges of University. HPTU will be subject HPCET 2016 scores and eligibility criteria as specified. Counselling through HPCET 2016 ranks will be done only if seats remain vacant after two round of counselling based on HPCET 2016 ranks. Those candidate who are clear the HPCET 2016 exam, may Check the Procedure, Dates, Seat Allotment, Letter online through this webpage.  The HPCET Counselling will be announced on the official website of HPCET 2016 which is www.himtu.ac.in. Students can check their complete HPCET 2016 Counselling procedure, seat allotment details once it is announced by the HPTU.

HPCET 2016 Counselling Declaration

HPCET 2016 Counselling will be declared soon.


Key points about the HPCET Counselling 2016 procedure are given below:

  1. Candidate qualified for the round of counselling he submits the “REGISTRATION FEE” online via debit/credit card as instructed to them.
  2. Candidates will have to check the mock counselling.
  3. They will be allotted a seat in any of the favorite college they have to the seat, they will to lock it by making admission fee payment.
  4. Candidate doesn’t pay the fee payment his seat will not be locked and might be given to other candidate in the next round of counselling.
  5. The students are advised to book their seats once they get the college by paying the admission fees.

Document for HPCET 2016 Counselling

  • 10th class original mark sheet.
  • 12th class mark sheet & certificate.
  • Domicile certificate.
  • Degree mark sheet & certificate (if applicable).
  • Rural/Sports/Agriculturists weight age certificate original.

Counselling date

Courses Date of counselling
MBA 16.06.2016(expected)
MCA 19.06.2016(expected)
B.Tech (Direct Entry) and B. Pharmacy, B. Pharmacy (Ayurveda) 03.07.2016(expected)
M.Tech & M. Pharmacy 12.07.2016(expected)


HPCET 2016 counselling link will be activate soon

This webpage is completed dedicated to HPCET 2016 Counselling. You can book mark this page and visit again later to know the latest updates related to HPCET Counselling 2016.

Notes: More information visits the official website and this webpage also.


HPCET 2016 Syllabus

HPCET 2016 Syllabus: HPCET stand for Himachal Pradesh Common Entrance Test conducted by Himachal Pradesh Technical University. HPTU will be published HPCET 2016 syllabus for those candidates who want to apply for various courses in Himachal Pradesh colleges. Those students who want to apply in this examination they can must read the HPCET examination syllabus.

Syllabus for B. Tech/B. Pharmacy/B. Pharmacy (Ayurveda)

Section “A” Physics
UNIT 1: Physics And Measurement: – Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units. Last count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
UNIT 2: Kinematics: – Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and no uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, and relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit

Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion,

Uniform Circular Motion.

UNIT 3: Laws Of Motion:- Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.
UNIT 4: Work, Energy And Power: – Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work energy theorem, power. Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
UNIT 5: Rotational Motion: – Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of

Inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.

UNIT 6: Gravitation: – The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.
UNIT 7: Properties Of Solids And Liquids: – Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number.


Bernoulli’s principle and its applications .Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact,

Application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal

Expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetric; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer

Conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.

UNIT 8: Thermodynamics: – Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.
UNIT 9: Kinetic Theory Of Gases:- Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro’s number
UNIT 10: Oscillations And Waves: – Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum -derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance.

Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a

Progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in

Strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound.

UNIT 11: Electrostatics: – Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an Electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
UNIT 12: Current Electricity: – Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Holmic and Noholmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Color code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors;

Temperature dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metrebridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications.

UNIT 13: Magnetic Effects Of Current And Magnetism: – Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro-

Magnetic substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

UNIT 14: Electromagnetic Induction And Alternating Currents: – Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced elf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattles current. AC generator and transformer.
UNIT 15: Electromagnetic Waves: – Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays). Applications of elm. waves.
UNIT 16: OPTICS: – Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula,

Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and  Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.


Wave optics: wave front and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using

Huygens’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe

Width. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of Information microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarization, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroid.

UNIT 17: Dual Nature Of Matter And Radiation: – Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson Garner experiment.
UNIT 18: Atoms And Nuclei: – Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
UNIT 19: Electronic Devices: – Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zenger diode; Zenger diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT,

NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

UNIT 20: Communication Systems: – Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).
UNIT 21: Experimental Skills: – Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:

ü  Venire calipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

ü  Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.

ü  Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.

ü  Meter Scale – mass of a given object by principle of moments.

ü  Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.

ü  Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.

ü  Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

ü  Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.

ü  Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.

ü  Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

ü  Resistivity of the material of a given wire using Meter Bridge.

ü  Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.

ü  Potentiometer- (I) Comparison of elf of two primary cells. (ii) Determination of internal resistance of a cell.

ü  Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.

ü  Focal length of: (I) Convex mirror (ii) Concave mirror, and (iii) Convex lens using parallax method.

ü  Plot of angle of deviation vs. angle of incidence for a triangular prism.

ü  Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.

ü  Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

ü  Characteristic curves of a Sneer diode and finding reverse break down voltage.

ü  Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.

ü  Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, and Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.

ü  Using millimeter to:(1) Identify base of a transistor (ii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.(iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

Section- “B” Chemistry
UNIT 1: Some Basic Concepts In Chemistry: –Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory; Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision and accuracy, Significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis; Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and stoichiometry.
UNIT 2: States Of Matter: – Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states:

Gaseous State:

Ø  Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of

diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure; Concept of Absolute scale of

temperature; Ideal gas equation; Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; Real gases, deviation from Ideal behavior, compressibility factor and van deer Waals equation.

Liquid State:

Ø  Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).

Solid State:

Ø  Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg’s Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.

UNIT 3: Atomic Structure: -Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg

Uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of

atom, its important features, concept of atomic orbital as one electron wave functions; Variation of

and with r for 1s and 2s orbital; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d orbital, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for filling electrons in orbital- aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hand’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbital.

UNIT 4: Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure: – Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds. Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.

Covalent Bonding: Concept of electro negativity, Fagan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules. Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory – Its important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p and orbitals; Resonance. Molecular Orbital Theory – Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbital’s (bonding, ant bonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of photonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy. Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

UNIT 5: Chemical Thermodynamics: -Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes. First law of thermodynamics -Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution. Second law of thermodynamics; Spontaneity of processes; DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity,

Dogs (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

UNIT 6: Solutions: -Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – modality, morality, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapor pressure of solutions and Result’s Law-Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapor pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions – relative lowering of vapor pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’s Hoff factor and its significance.
UNIT 7: Equilibrium: -Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.

·         Equilibrium involving physical processes: Solid -liquid, liquid – gas and solid-gas equilibrium, Henry’s law, general characterics of equilibrium involving physical processes.

·         Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.

·         Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid – base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

UNIT 8: Redox Reactions And Electrochemistry: –

§  Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redo reactions. Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.

§  Electrochemical cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement; Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change; Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.

UNIT 9 : Chemical Kinetics: – Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half – lives, effect of temperature on rate of reactions-Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
UNIT-10: Surface Chemistry: – Adsorption- Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids – Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions. Colloidal state – distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids – lyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular andassociated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids – Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; Emulsions and their characteristics.
Inorganic Chemistry

UNIT 11: Classification Of Elements Unit 11: Classification Of Elements And Periodicity In Properties

Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements,

periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron

Gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.

UNIT 12: General Principles And Processes Of Isolation Of Metals: – Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; Steps involved in the extraction of metals – concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe; Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
UNIT 13: Hydrogen: – Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; Structure, preparation, reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide; Hydrogen as a fuel.
Unit 14: S – Block Elements (Alkali And Alkaline Earth Metals): – Group – : – 1 and 2 Elements General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships. Preparation and properties of some important compounds – sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.
UNIT 15: P – Block Elements

Group – 13 to Group 18 Elements:

ü  General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

ü  Group wise study of the p-block elements: Group-13 Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminum; properties of boric acid, diorama, boron trifluoride, aluminum chloride and alums.

ü  Group-14 Allotropes of carbon, tendency for catenation; Structure & properties of silicates, and zealots.

ü  Group-15Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of phosphorus.

ü  Group-16Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

ü  Group-17 Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.

ü  Group-18 Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.

UNIT 16: d- and f -Block Elements: – Transition Elements, General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation,properties and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KmnO4. Inner Transition Elements Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction. Actinoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states.
UNIT 17: Co-Ordination Compounds: – Introduction to co-ordination compounds, Werner’s theory; ligands, co-ordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction

Of metals and in biological systems).

UNIT 18: Environmental Chemistry: –

Environmental pollution -Atmospheric, water and soil.

Atmospheric pollution – Tropospheric and Stratospheric

Troposphere pollutants-Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; Green house effect and Global warming; Acid rain.

Particulate pollutants-Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.

Stratospheric pollution-Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer – its mechanism and effects.

Water Pollution -Major pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.

Soil pollution -Major pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention. Strategies to control environmental pollution.


UNIT 19: Purification And Unit 19: Purification And Characterization Of Organic Compounds:-

o   Purification -Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and

o   Chromatography – principles and their applications.

o   Qualitative analysis -Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

o   Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus. Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

UNIT 20: Some Basic Principles Of Organic Chemistry

Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C h C and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism – structural and Stereoisomerism.

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC) Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.

Electronic displacement in a covalent bond -Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.

Common types of organic reactions-Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.

UNIT 21: Hydrocarbons: –

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.

o   Alkenes -Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenations of alkenes.

o   Alkenes -Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, Halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis and polymerization.

o   Alkynes -Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.

o   Aromatic hydrocarbons-Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophonic substitution: halogenations, nitration, Friedan- Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene.

UNIT 22: Organic Compounds Containing Halogens: – General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions. Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform & iodoformfreons and DDT.
UNIT 23: Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

Alcohols, Phenols And Ethers: –

Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.

Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophonic substitution reactions: halogenations, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer- Thiemann reaction.


Aldehyde and Ketones:Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group,

relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as-Nucleophilic addition

reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction

(Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of-ahydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

UNIT 24: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen: – General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

o   Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.

o   Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

UNIT 25: Polymers: – General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization-addition and condensation, copolymerization; Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses – polythene, nylon, polyester and Bakelite.
UNIT 26: Bimolecular: – General introduction and importance of bimolecular.

ü  Carbohydrates – Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose and maltose).

ü  Proteins -Elementary Idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

ü  Vitamins -Classification and functions.

ü  Nucleic Acids -Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.

UNIT 27: Chemistry In Everyday Life: –   Chemicals in medicines – Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamins – their meaningand common examples. Chemicals in food – Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples. Cleansing agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
UNIT 28: Principles Related To Practical Chemistry

Detection of extra elements (N,S, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.

Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohrsalt, potash alum.  Organic compounds: Acetanilide, pnitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.

Chemistry involved in the titrimetric excercises -Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.

Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: (Insoluble salts excluded).

Cautions- Pb2+ , Cu2+ , Al3+ , Zn2+ , Ni2+, Ca2+ , Ba2+ , Mg2+ , Nh+4

Anions – Co2-3 , S2-, So2-4 , No2 , No3 , Ci , Br , I

(Insoluble salts excluded)

Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:

a.       Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4.

b.      Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.

c.       Preparation of lyophilic and 3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.

d.      Kinetic study of reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Section-“C” Mathematics
UNIT 1 :Sets, Relations And Functions: Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions;. One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions.
UNIT 2: Complex Numbers And Quad Ratio Equations: Complex numbers as ordered pairs of real, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+b and their representation in a plane, Arganddiagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, squareroot of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions. Relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots
UNIT 3: Matrices And De Determinants’: Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three. Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants. Ad joint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.
UNIT 4: Permutations And Combinations: Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.
UNIT 5: Mathematical Induction: Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.
UNIT 6: Binomial Theorem And It’s Simple Applications: Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.
UNIT 7: Sequences And Series: Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers. Relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum upto n terms of special series: S n, S n2, Sn3. Arithmetic-Geometric progression.
UNIT 8: Limit, Continuity And Differentiability: Real valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Roller’

s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normal’s.

UNIT: Integral Calculus: Integral as an anti derivative. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities.

Evaluation of simple integrals of the type Integral as limit of a sum. Fundamental Theorem of

Calculus. Properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.

UNIT 10: Differential Equations: Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree. Formation of differential equations. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type.
UNIT 11: Coordinate Geometry: Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates 10 in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.

Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two

lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid , orthocenter and circumventer of a triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

UNIT 12: Three Dimensional Geometry: Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.
UNIT 13: Vector Algebra: Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.
UNIT 14: Statistics And Probability: Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.

Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Bayer’s theorem, and probability distribution of a random vitiate Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.

UNIT 15: Trigonometry: Trigonometrically identities and equations. Trigonometrically functions. Inverse trigonometrically functions and their properties. Heights and Distances.

UNIT 16: Mathematical Reasoning: Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if. Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contra positives.

Biology (for B. Pharmacy & B. Pharmacy (Ayurveda) only)

Contents Of Class Xi Syllabus

UNIT I: Diversity In Living World: –

Ø  What is living? ; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.

Ø  Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Fiords.

Ø  Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms- classification up to class, characteristic features and examples).

Ø  Salient features and classification of animals-no chordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples).

UNIT II Structural Organization in Animals and Plants:

Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus).

Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only).

UNIT III: Cell Structure and Function: –

v  Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.

v  Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action.

v  B cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.

UNIT IV: Plant Physiology : –

ü  Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention).

ü  Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.

ü  Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and noncyclical and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.

ü  Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycol sis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibole pathways; Respiratory quotient.

ü  Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Verbalization.

UNIT IV: Human Physiology: –

a.       Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.

b.      Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.

c.       Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.

d.      Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.

e.      Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle-contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.

f.        Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.

g.       Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease).

Contents Of Class Xii Syllabus
UNIT I: Reproduction

1.       Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.

2.       Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events-Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.

3.       Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).

4.       Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).

UNIT II: Genetics and Evolution : –

o   Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.

o   Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation-Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing.

o   Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

UNIT III: Biology and Human Welfare: –

Ø  Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.

Ø  Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.

Ø  Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

Ø  Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).

Ø   Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

UNIT V: Ecology and environment : –

§  Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.

§  Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.

§  Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries.

§  Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.


Syllabus for M. Tech

Section- “A” (Common to all branches)
General Aptitude: –

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

Section- “B” (Branch wise) Civil Engineering (CE)
Engineering Mathematics: – Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors.

o   Calculus: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

o   Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

o   Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series. Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions.

o   Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for differential Equations.

Structural Engineering: –

a)      Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams. Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr’s circle. Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

b)      Structural Analysis: Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods, analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.

c)       Concrete Structures: Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete design-basic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods. Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

d)      Steel Structures: Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam-columns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam–column connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

Geotechnical Engineering

        i.            Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil classification, three-phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability &seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength.

      ii.            Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, and plate load test. Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes-infinite slopes, finite slopes. Foundation types-foundation design requirements. Shallow foundations-bearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysisins ands& clays. Deep foundations–pile types, dynamic &static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands &clays, negative skin friction.

Water Resources Engineering: –

a.       Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics: Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli’s equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines.

b.      Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics.

c.       Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evaporate-transpiration. Crop water requirements. Design of: lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils.

Environmental Engineering

ü  Water requirements: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

ü  Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

ü  Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

ü  Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

Transportation Engineering

Ø  Highway Planning: Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements.

Ø  Traffic Engineering: Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity.


Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves.

Computer Science and Information Technology (CS)
Engineering Mathematics

1)      Mathematical Logic: Propositional Logic; First Order Logic.

2)      Probability: Conditional Probability; Mean, Median, Mode and Standard Deviation; Random Variables; Distributions; uniform, normal, exponential, Poisson, Binomial.

3)      Set Theory & Algebra: Sets; Relations; Functions; Groups; Partial Orders; Lattice; Boolean algebra.

4)      Combinatory: Permutations; Combinations; Counting; Summation; generating functions; recurrence relations; asymptotic.

5)      Graph Theory: Connectivity; spanning trees; Cut vertices & edges; covering; matching; independent sets; Colorings; Planarity; Isomorphism.

6)      Linear Algebra: Algebra of matrices, determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

7)      Numerical Methods: LU decomposition for systems of linear equations; numerical solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations by Secant, Bisection and Newton-Raphson Methods; Numerical integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules.

8)      Calculus: Limit, Continuity & differentiability, Mean value Theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite & improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivatives, maxima & minima.

Computer Science and Information Technology

A.      Digital Logic: Logic functions, Minimization, Design and synthesis of combinational and sequential circuits; Number representation and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point).

B.      Computer Organization and Architecture: Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU and datapath, CPU control design, Memory interface, I/O interface (Interrupt and DMA mode), Instruction pipelining, Cache and main memory, Secondary storage.

C.      Programming and Data Structures: Programming in C; Functions, Recursion, Parameter passing, Scope, Binding; Abstract data types, Arrays, Stacks, Queues, Linked Lists, Trees, Binary search trees, Binary heaps.

D.      Algorithms: Analysis, Asymptotic notation, Notions of space and time complexity, Worst and average case analysis; Design: Greedy approach, Dynamic programming, Divide-and-conquer; Tree and graph traversals, Connected components, Spanning trees, Shortest paths; Hashing, Sorting, Searching. Asymptotic analysis (best, worst, average cases) of time and space, upper and lower bounds, Basic concepts of complexity classes – P, NP, NP-hard, NP-complete.

E.       Theory of Computation: Regular languages and finite automata, Context free languages and Push-down automata, Recursively enumerable sets and Turing machines, Undesirability.

F.       Compiler Design: Lexical analysis, Parsing, Syntax directed translation, Runtime environments, Intermediate and target code generation, Basics of code optimization.

G.     Operating System: Processes, Threads, Inter-process communication, Concurrency, Synchronization, Deadlock, CPU scheduling, Memory management and virtual memory, File systems, I/O systems, Protection and security.

H.      Databases: ER-model, Relational model (relational algebra, tuple calculus), Database design (integrity constraints, normal forms), Query languages (SQL), File structures (sequential files, indexing, B and B+trees), Transactions and concurrency control.

I.        Information Systems and Software Engineering: information gathering, requirement and feasibility analysis, data flow diagrams, process specifications, input/output design, process life cycle, planning and managing the project, design, coding, testing, implementation, maintenance.

J.        Computer Networks: ISO/OSI stack, LAN technologies (Ethernet, Token ring), Flow and error control techniques, Routing algorithms, Congestion control, TCP/UDP and sockets, IP(v4), Application layer protocols (icmp, dns, smtp, pop, ftp, http); Basic concepts of hubs, switches, gateways, and routers. Network security – basic concepts of public key and private key cryptography, digital signature, firewalls.

K.      Web technologies: HTML, XML, basic concepts of client-server computing.

Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)
Engineering Mathematics

ü  Linear Algebra: Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

ü  Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

ü  Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.

ü  Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Residue theorem, solution integrals.

ü  Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.

ü  Numerical Methods: Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

ü  Transform Theory: Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform.

Electronics and Communication Engineering

a)      Networks: Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs; incidence, fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. Network theorems: superposition, Thevenin and Norton’s maximum power transfer, Wye -Delta transformation. Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Linear constant coefficient differential equations; time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits, Solution of network equations using Laplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. State equations for networks.

b)      Electronic Devices: Energy bands in silicon, intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. Carrier transport in silicon: diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers. p-n junction diode, Zenger diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, p-I-n and avalanche photo diode, Basics of LASERs. Device technology: integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, n-tub, p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process.

c)       Analog Circuits: Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs, MOSFETs and analog CMOS. Simple diode circuits, clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers. Amplifiers: single-and multi-stage, differential and operational, feedback, and power. Frequency response of amplifiers. Simple op-amp circuits. Filters.  Sinusoidal oscillators; criterion for oscillation; single-transistor and op-amp configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits, 555 Timers. Power supplies.

d)      Digital circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders, PROMs and PLAs. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift registers. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs, DACs. Semiconductor memories. Microprocessor (8085): architecture, programming, memory and I/O interfacing.

e)      Signals and Systems: Definitions and properties of Laplace transform, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier series, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform, DFT and FFT, z-transform.

f)       Sampling theorem. Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties; causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay. Signal transmission through LTI systems.

g)      Control Systems: Basic control system components; block diagrammatic description, reduction of block diagrams. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems; transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response. Tools and techniques or LTI control system analysis: root loci, Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Bode and Nyquist plots.

h)      Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag compensation, elements of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems.

i)        Communications: Random signals and noise: probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Analog communication systems: amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis of these operations, super heterodyne receivers; elements of hardware, realizations of analog communication systems; signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. Digital communication systems: pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), matched filter receivers, bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA and GSM.

j)        Electromagnetic: Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl; Gauss’ and Stokes’ theorems, Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector. Plane waves: propagation through various media; reflection and refraction; phase and group velocity; skin depth. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance; impedance transformation; Smith chart; impedance matching; S parameters, pulse excitation. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides; boundary conditions; cut-off frequencies; dispersion relations. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas; radiation pattern; antenna gain.

Electrical Engineering (EE)
Engineering Mathematics

i.            Linear Algebra: Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

ii.            Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

iii.            Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.

iv.            Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Residue theorem, solution integrals.

v.            Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.

vi.            Numerical Methods: Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

vii.            Transform Theory: Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform.

Electrical Engineering

ü  Electric Circuits and Fields: Network graph, KCL, KVL, node and mesh analysis, transient response of dc and ac networks; sinusoidal steady-state analysis, resonance, basic filter concepts; ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin’s, Norton’s and Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorems, twoport networks, three phase circuits; Gauss Theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions; Ampere’s and Biot-Savart’s laws; inductance; dielectrics; capacitance.

ü  Signals and Systems: Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals; shifting and scaling operations; linear, time-invariant and causal systems; Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals; sampling theorem; Fourier, Laplace and Z transforms.

ü  Electrical Machines: Single phase transformer – equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency; three phase transformers – connections, parallel operation; auto-transformer; energy conversion principles; DC machines – types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of motors;three phase induction motors – principles, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control; single phase induction motors; synchronous machines – performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics and applications; servo and stepper motors.

ü  Power Systems: Basic power generation concepts; transmission line models and performance; cable performance, insulation; corona and radio interference; distribution systems; per-unit quantities; bus impedance and admittance matrices; load flow; voltage control; power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components; fault analysis; principles of over-current, differential and distance protection; solid state relays and digital protection; circuit breakers; system stability concepts, swing curves and equal area criterion; HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts.

ü  Control Systems: Principles of feedback; transfer function; block diagrams; steady-state errors; Routh and Niquist techniques; Bode plots; root loci; lag, lead and lead-lag compensation; state space model; state transition matrix, controllability and observability.

ü  Electrical and Electronic Measurements: Bridges and potentiometers; PMMC, moving iron, dynamometer and induction type instruments; measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; instrument transformers; digital voltmeters and multimeters; phase, time and frequency measurement; Q-meters; oscilloscopes; potentiometric recorders; error analysis.

ü  Analog and Digital Electronics: Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET; amplifiers – biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response; oscillators and feedback amplifiers; operational amplifiers–characteristics and applications; simple active filters; VCOs and timers; combinational and sequential logic circuits; multiplexer; Schmitt trigger; multi-vibrators; sample and hold circuits; A/D and D/A converters; 8-bit microprocessor basics, architecture, programming and interfacing.

ü  Power Electronics and Drives: Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and IGBTs – static characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge converters – fully controlled and half controlled; principles of choppers and inverters; basis concepts of adjustable speed dc and ac drives.

Mechanical Engineering (ME)
Engineering Mathematics

a)      Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

b)      Calculus: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

c)       Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

d)      Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series.

e)      Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson,Normal and Binomial distributions.

f)       Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Applied Mechanics And Design

§  Engineering Mechanics: Free body diagrams and equilibrium; trusses and frames; virtual work; kinematics and dynamics of particles and of rigid bodies in plane motion, including impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations; impact.

§  Strength of Materials: Stress and strain, stress-strain relationship and elastic constants, Mohr’s circle for plane stress and plane strain, thin cylinders; shear force and bending moment diagrams; bending and shear stresses; deflection of beams; torsion of circular shafts; Euler’s theory of columns; strain energy methods; thermal stresses.

§  Theory of Machines: Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms; dynamic analysis of slider-crank mechanism; gear trains; flywheels.

§  Vibrations: Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems; effect of damping; vibration isolation; resonance, critical speeds of shafts.

§  Design: Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the S-N diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded joints, shafts, spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, brakes and clutches.

Fluid Mechanics And Thermal Sciences

v  Fluid Mechanics: Fluid properties; fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy; control-volume analysis of mass, momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and momentum; Bernoulli’s equation; viscous flow of incompressible fluids; boundary layer; elementary turbulent flow; flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends etc.

v  Heat-Transfer: Modes of heat transfer; one dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept, electrical analogy, unsteady heat conduction, fins; dimensionless parameters in free and forced convictive heat transfer, various correlations for heat transfer in flow over flat plates and through pipes; thermal boundary layer; effect of turbulence; radiative heat transfer, black and grey surfaces, shape factors, network analysis; heat exchanger performance, LMTD and NTU methods.

v  Thermodynamics: Zeroth, First and Second laws of thermodynamics; thermodynamic system and processes; Carnot cycle. Irreversibility and availability; behaviour of ideal and real gases, properties of pure substances, calculation of work and heat in ideal processes; analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion.

v  Applications: Power Engineering: Steam Tables, Rankin, Bray ton cycles with regeneration and reheat. I.C. Engines: air-standard Otto, Diesel cycles. Refrigeration and air-conditioning Vapor refrigeration cycle, heat pumps, gas refrigeration, Reverse Baryon cycle; moist air: psychometric chart, basicpsychrometric processes. Turbo machinery: Peloton-wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines —impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams.

Manufacturing And Industrial Engineering

Engineering Materials: Structure and properties of engineering materials, heat treatment, stress-strain diagrams for engineering materials.

Metal Casting: Design of patterns, moulds and cores; solidification and cooling; riser and gating design, design considerations.

Forming: Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working processes; load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes; principles of powder metallurgy.

Joining: Physics of welding, brazing and soldering; adhesive bonding; design considerations in welding.

Machining and Machine Tool Operations: Mechanics of machining, single and multi-point cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and wear; economics of machining; principles of nontraditional machining processes; principles of work holding, principles of design of jigs and fixtures.

Metrology and Inspection: Limits, fits and tolerances; linear and angular measurements; comparators; gauge design; interferometry; form and finish measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly.

Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their integration tools.

Production Planning and Control: Forecasting models, aggregate production planning, scheduling, materials requirement planning.

Inventory Control: Deterministic and probabilistic models; safety stock inventory control systems.

Operations Research: Linear programming, simplex and duplex method, transportation, assignment, network flow models, simple queuing models, PERT and CPM.

Textile Engineering and Fiber Science (TF)
Engineering Mathematics

·         Linear Algebra: Matrices and Determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

·         Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability; Partial Derivatives; Maxima and minima; Sequences and series; Test for convergence; Fourier series.

·         Vector Calculus: Gradient; Divergence and Curl; Line; surface and volume integrals; Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

·         Differential Equations: Linear and non-linear first order ODEs; Higher order linear ODEs with constant coefficients; Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations; Laplace transforms; PDEs –Laplace, heat and wave equations.

·         Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random variables; Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; Correlation and regression analysis.

·         Numerical Methods: Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; integration of trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Textile Engineering And Fiber Science

o   Textile Fibers: Classification of textile fibers; Essential requirements of fiber forming polymers; Gross and fine structure of natural fibers like cotton, wool and silk. Introduction to important best fibers; properties and uses of natural and man-made fibers; physical and chemical methods of fiber and blend identification and blend analysis. Molecular architecture, amorphous and crystalline phases, glass transition, plasticization, crystallization, melting, factors affecting Tg and Tm; Process of viscose and acetate preparation. Polymerization of nylon-6, nylon-66, poly (ethylene terephthalate), polyacrylonitrile and polypropylene; Melt Spinning processes, characteristic features of PET, polyamide and polypropylene spinning; wet and dry spinning of viscose and acrylic fibers; post spinning operations such as drawing, heat setting, tow-to-top conversion and different texturing methods. Methods of investigating fiber structure e.g., Density, X-ray diffraction, birefringence, optical and electron microscopy, I.R. absorption, thermal methods (DSC, DMA/TMA, TGA); structure and morphology of man-made fibers, mechanical properties of fibers, moisture sorption in fibers; fiber structure and property correlation.

o   Yarn manufacture and yarn structure & properties: Principles of opening, cleaning and mixing/blending of fibrous materials, working principle of modern opening and cleaning equipments; the technology of carding, carding of cotton and synthetic fibers; Drafting operation, roller and apron drafting principle, causes of mass irregularity introduced by drafting; roller arrangements in drafting systems; principles of cotton combing, combing cycle, mechanism and function, combing efficiency, lap preparation; recent developments in comber; Roving production, mechanism of bobbin building, roving twist; Principle of ring spinning, forces acting on yarn and traveler; ring & traveler designs; mechanism of cop formation, causes of end breakages; working principle of ring doublers and two for one twister, single and folded yarn twist, properties of double yarns, production of core spun yarn, compact spinning, principle of non conventional methods of yarn production such as rotor spinning, air jet spinning, wrap spinning, twist less spinning and friction spinning.

o   Yarn contraction, yarn diameter, specific volume & packing coefficient; twist strength relationship in spun yarns; fiber configuration and orientation in yarn; cause of fiber migration and its estimation, irregularity index, properties of ring, rotor and air-jet yarns.

o   Fabric manufacture and Fabric Structure: Principles of cheese and cone winding processes and machines; random and precision winding; package faults and their remedies; yarn clearers and tensionless; different systems of yarn splicing; features of modern cone winding machines; different types of warping creels; features of modern beam and sectional warping machines; different sizing systems, sizing of spun and filament yarns, modern sizing machines; principles of prim winding processes and machines; primary and secondary motions of loom, effect of their settings and timings on fabric formation, fabric appearance and weaving performance; dobby and jacquard shedding; mechanics of weft insertion with shuttle; warp and weft stop motions, warp protection, weft replenishment; functional principles of weft insertion systems of shuttle-less weaving machines, principles of multiphase and circular looms.

o   Principles of weft and warp knitting; basic weft and warp knitted structures. Classification, production and areas of application of nonwoven fabrics. Basic woven fabric constructions and their derivatives; crepe, cord, terry, gauze, leno and double cloth constructions. Peirce’s equations for fabric geometry; elastic model of plain woven fabrics; thickness, cover and maximum set of woven fabrics.

o   Textile Testing: Sampling techniques, sample size and sampling errors. Measurement of fiber length, fineness, crimp, strength and reflectance; measurement of cotton fiber maturity and trash content; HVI and AFIS for fiber testing. Measurement of yarn count, twist and hairiness; tensile testing of fibers, yarns and fabrics; evenness testing of slivers, ravings and yarns; testing equipment for measurement test methods of fabric properties like thickness, compressibility, air permeability, drape, crease recovery, tear strength, bursting strength and abrasion resistance. FAST and Kawabata instruments and systems for objective fabric evaluation. Statistical data analysis of experimental results. Correlation analysis, significance tests and analysis of variance; frequency distributions and control charts.

o   Preparatory Processes: Chemistry and practice of preparatory processes for cotton, wool and silk. Mercerization of cotton. Preparatory processes for nylon, polyester and acrylic and polyester/cotton blends.

o   Dyeing: Classification of dyes. Dyeing of cotton, wool, silk, polyester, nylon and acrylic with appropriate dye classes. Dyeing polyester/cotton and polyester/wool blends. Batch wise and continuous dyeing machines. Dyeing of cotton knitted fabrics and machines used. Dye fiber interaction. Introduction to thermodynamics and kinetics of dyeing. Methods for determination of wash, light and rubbing fastness. Evaluation of fastness properties with the help of grey scale.

o   Printing: Styles of printing. Printing thickeners including synthetic thickeners. Printing auxiliaries. Printing of cotton with reactive dyes. Printing of wool, silk, nylon with acid and metal complex dyes. Printing of polyester with disperses dyes. Methods of dye fixation after printing. Resist and discharge printing of cotton, silk and polyester. Printing of polyester/cotton blends with disperse/reactive combination. Transfer printing of polyester. Developments in inkjet printing.

o   Finishing: Mechanical finishing of cotton. Stiff. Soft, wrinkle resistant, water repellent, flame retardant and enzyme (bio-polishing) finishing of cotton. Milling, diarizing and shrink resistant finishing of wool. Antis tat finishing of synthetic fiber fabrics. Heat setting of polyester.

o   Energy Conservation: Minimum application techniques.

o   Pollution: Environment pollution during chemical processing of textiles. Treatment of textile effluents.

Section- “C” (Common to all branches)
Engineering Mathematics

Ø  Linear Algebra: Algebra of matrices, inverse, rank, system of linear equations, symmetric, skew symmetric and orthogonal matrices. Hermitical, skew-Hermitical and unitary matrices. Eigen values and eigenvectors, diagonalisation of matrices, Clayey-Hamilton Theorem.

Ø  Calculus: Functions of single variable, limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Indeterminate forms and L’Hospital rule, Maxima and minima, Taylor’s series, Fundamental and mean value-theorems of integral calculus. Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Beta and Gamma functions, Functions of two variables, limit, continuity, partial derivatives, Euler’s theorem for homogeneous functions, total derivatives, maxima and minima, Lagrange method of multipliers, double and triple integrals and their applications, sequence and series, tests for convergence, power series, Fourier Series, Half range sine and cosine series.

Ø  Complex variable: Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Application in solving potential problems, Line integral, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula (without proof), Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Residue theorem (without proof) and its applications.

Ø  Vector Calculus: Gradient, divergence and curl, vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems (without proofs) applications.

Ø  Ordinary Differential Equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Second order linear differential equations with variable coefficients, Variation of parameters method, higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy- Euler’s equations, power series solutions, Legendre polynomials and Bessel’s functions of the first kind and their properties.

Ø  Partial Differential Equations: Separation of variables method, Laplace equation, solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations.

Ø  Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and simple theorems, conditional probability, Bayes Theorem, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, Binomial, Poisson, and normal distributions, correlation and linear regression.

Ø  Numerical Methods: Solution of a system of linear equations by L-U decomposition, Gauss-Jordan and Gauss-Seidel Methods, Newton’s interpolation formulae, Solution of a polynomial and a transcendental equation by Newton-Rap son method, numerical integration by trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rule and Gaussian quadrature, numerical solutions of first order differential equation by Euler’s method and 4th order Runge-Kutta method.


Syllabus for M. Pharmacy

Section ”A”
General Aptitude (GA)

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.


§  Micromere tics and Powder Theology: Particle size and distribution, average particle size, number and weight distribution, particle number, methods for determining particle volume, methods of determining particle size- optical microscopy, sieving, sedimentation; measurements of particle shape, specific surface area; methods for determining surface area; permeability, adsorption, derived properties of powders, porosity, packing arrangement, densities, bulkiness & flow properties.

§  Viscosity and Theology: Newtonian systems, Law of flow, kinematic viscosity, effect of temperature; non-Newtonian systems: pseudo plastic, dilatants, plastic; thixotropy, thixotropy in formulation, negative thixotropy, determination of viscosity, capillary, falling ball, rotational viscometers.

§  Dispersion Systems:Colloidal dispersions: Definition, types, properties of colloids, protective colloids, applications of colloids in pharmacy; Suspensions and Emulsions: Interfacial properties of suspended particles, settling in suspensions, theory of sedimentation, effect of Brownian motion, sedimentation of flocculated particles, sedimentation parameters, wetting of particles, controlled flocculation, flocculation in structured vehicles, rheological considerations; Emulsions-types, theories, physical stability. .

§  Liquid Dosages Forms: Introduction, types of additives used in formulations, vehicles, stabilizers, preservatives, suspending agents, emulsifying agents, solubilizers, colors, flavors and others, manufacturing packaging, labeling, evaluation of clear liquids, suspensions and emulsions official in pharmacopoeia.

§  Semisolid Dosage Forms: Definitions, types, mechanisms of drug penetration, factor influencing penetration, semisolid bases and their selection. General formulation of semisolids, clear gels manufacturing procedure, evaluation and packaging;

§  Suppositories: Ideal requirements, bases, displacement value, manufacturing procedure, packaging and evaluation;

§  Pharmaceutical Aerosols: Definition, propellants, general formulation, manufacturing’ and packaging methods, pharmaceutical applications; Ophthalmic Preparations: Requirements, formulation, methods of preparation, labeling, containers, evaluation; Capsules: Advantages and disadvantages of capsule dosage form, material for production of hard gelatin capsules, size of capsules, formulation, method of capsule filling, soft gelatin, capsule shell and capsule content, importance of base absorption and minimum/gm factors in soft capsules, quality control, stability testing and storage of capsule dosage forms.

§  Micro-encapsulation: Types of microcapsules, importance of microencapsulation in pharmacy, microencapsulation by phase separation, coacervation, multi-orifice, spray drying, spray congealing, polymerization complex emulsion, air suspension technique, coating pan and other techniques, evaluation of micro capsules.

§  Tablets: Advantages and disadvantages of tablets, Application of different types of tablets, Formulation of different types of tablets, granulation, technology on large-scale by various techniques, different types of tablet compression machinery and the equipments employed, evaluation of tablets.

§  Coating of Tablets: Types of coating, film forming materials, formulation of coating solution, equipments for coating, coating process, evaluation of coated tablets. Stability kinetics and quality assurance.

§  Parenteral Products: Pre-formulation factors, routes of administration, water for injection, and sterile water for injection, pyrogenicity, non aqueous vehicles, is tonicity and methods of its adjustment, Formulation details, Containers and closures and selection, labeling; Pre-filling treatment, washing of containers and closures, preparation of solution and suspensions, filling and closing of ampoules, vials, infusion fluids, lyophilization& preparation of sterile powders, equipment for large scale manufacture and evaluation of parenteral products; Aseptic Techniques-source of contamination and methods of prevention, Design of aseptic area, Laminar flow bench services and maintenance. Sterility testing of pharmaceuticals.

§  Packaging of Pharmaceutical Products: Packaging components, types, specifications and methods of evaluation, stability aspects of packaging. Packaging equipments, factors influence choice of containers, legal and official requirements for containers, package testing.

§  Designing of dosage forms: Pre-formulation studies, Study of physical properties of drug like physical form, particle size, shape, density, wetting, dielectric constant. Solubility, dissolution and organoleptic properties and their effect on formulation, stability and bioavailability. Study of chemical properties of drugs like hydrolysis, oxidation, reduction, racemization, polymerization etc., and their influence on formulation and stability of products. Study of pro-drugs in solving problems related to stability, bioavailability and elegancy of formulations. Design, development and process validation methods for pharmaceutical operations involved in the production of pharmaceutical products with special reference to tablets, suspensions. Stabilization and stability testing protocol for various pharmaceutical products.ICH guidelines for stability testing of formulations.

§  Performance evaluation methods: In-vitro dissolution studies for solid dosage forms methods, interpretation of dissolution data. Bioavailability studies and bioavailability testing protocol and procedures. In vivo methods of evaluation and statistical treatment.GMP and quality assurance, Quality audit. Design, development, production and evaluation of controlled/sustained/extended release formulations.

§  Biopharmaceutical: Passage of drugs across biological barrier (passive diffusion, active transport, facilitated diffusion, ion-pair formation and pinocytosis); Factors influencing absorption- biological, physico-chemical, physiological and pharmaceutical; Drug distribution in the body, plasma protein binding.

§  Pharmacokinetics: Significance of plasma drug concentration measurement. Compartment model-Definition and Scope. Pharmacokinetics of drug absorption – Zero order and first order absorption rate constant using Wagner-Nelson and residual methods. Volume of distribution and distribution coefficient. Compartment kinetics-One compartment and two compartment models. Determination of pharmacokinetic parameters from plasma and urine data after drug administration by intravascular and oral route. Clearance concept, mechanism of renal clearance, clearance ratio, determination of renal clearance. Extraction ratio, hepatic clearance, bleary excretion, extra-hepatic circulation. Non-linear pharmacokinetics with special reference to one compartment model after I.V. drug administration. Clinical Pharmacokinetics:

§  Definition and scope: Dosage adjustment in patients with and without renal and hepatic failure; Design of single dose bio-equivalence study and relevant statistics; Pharmacokinetic drug interactions and their significance in combination therapy.

§  Bioavailability and bioequivalence: Measures of bioavailability, Cmax, tmax, Keli and Area under the Curve (AUC); Design of single dose bioequivalence study and relevant statistics; Review of regulatory requirements for conducting bioequivalent studies. Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS) of drugs.

Pharmaceutical Chemistry

o   Basic Principles: Physic-chemical and stereo isomeric (Optical, geometrical) aspects of drug molecules and biological action, Bioisosterism, Drug-receptor interactions including transduction mechanisms; Drug metabolism and Concept of Prod rugs; Principles of Drug Design (Theoretical Aspects)Traditional analog and mechanism based approaches, QSAR approaches, Applications of quantum mechanics, Computer Aided Drug Designing (CADD) and molecular modeling

o   Synthetic Procedures, Mode of Action, Uses, Structure Activity Relationships including physicochemical Properties of the Following Classes of Drugs

o   Drugs acting at synaptic and neuro-effector junction sites; Cholinergic, anti-cholinergic and cholinesterase inhibitor; Adrenergic drugs; Antispasmodic and anti-ulcer drugs; Local Anesthetics; Neuromuscular blocking agents; Autacoids, Steroidal Drugs; Drugs acting on the central nervous system; Diuretics; Anti-hypertensive’s; Anti-arrhythmic agents, anti-angina agents, Cardio tonics; Anti-hyperlipedemic agents; Anticoagulants and Anti-platelet drugs; Thyroid and Anti thyroid drugs; Insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents; Chemotherapeutic Agents used in bacterial, fungal, viral, protozoan, parasitic and other infections, Antibiotics: ß-Lacteal, macro ides, tetracycline’s, amino glycosides, polypeptide antibiotics, fluoroquinolones; Anti-neoclassic agents; Anti-viral agents (including anti–HIV); Immunosuppressive and immunostimulants; Diagnostic agents; Pharmaceutical Aids;

o   Basic Principles of pharmaceutical analysis: Preliminaries and definitions, Significant figures, Rules for retaining significant digits, Types of errors, Mean deviation, Standard deviation, Statistical treatment of small data sets, Selection of sample, Precision and accuracy,

o   Chromatography: Theory of chromatography, plate theory, Factors affecting resolution, van Demeter equation, The following chromatographic techniques (including instrumentation) with relevant examples of Pharmacopoeia products: TLC, HPLC, GLC, HPTLC, Paper Chromatography and Column Chromatography; Theoretical Aspects, Basic Instrumentation, Elements of Interpretation of Spectra, and applications (quantitative and qualitative) of the following Ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometer, Fluorimetry, Infrared spectrophotometer, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy, Mass Spectrometry (EI & CI only), Flame Photometry, Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction Analysis, Radioimmunoassay.


a)      Basic Principles of Cell Injury and Adaptations: Causes of Cellular injury, pathogenesis, morphology of cell injury, adaptations and cell death.

b)      Basic Mechanisms involved in the process of inflammation and repair: Vascular and cellular events of acute inflammation, chemical mediators of inflammation, pathogenesis of chronic inflammation, brief outline of the process of repair.

c)       Immunopathophysiology: T and B cells, MHC proteins, antigen presenting cells, immune tolerance, pathogenesis of hypersensitivity reactions, autoimmune diseases, AIDS, Amyloidosis.

d)      Pathophysiology of Common Diseases:Asthma, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, ulcerative colitis, neoplasia, psychosis, depression, mania, epilepsy, acute and chronic renal failure, hypertension, angina, congestive heart failure, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, peptic ulcer, anemias, hepatic disorders, tuberculosis, urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases. Wherever applicable the molecular basis should be discussed.

e)      Fundamentals of general pharmacology:Dosage forms and routes of administration, mechanism of action, combined effect of drugs, factors modifying drug action, tolerance and dependence; Pharmacokinetics; Principles of Basic and Clinical pharmacokinetics, absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion of drugs, Adverse Drug Reactions; Bioassay of Drugs and Biological Standardization; Discovery and development of new drugs, Bioavailability and bioequivalence studies; Pharmacology of Peripheral Nervous System:Neurohumoral transmission (autonomic and somatic), Parasympathomimetics, Parasympatholytics, Sympathomimetics, Adrenergic receptor and neuron blocking agents, Ganglion stimulants and blocking agents, Neuromuscular blocking Agents, Local anesthetic Agents.

f)       Pharmacology of Central Nervous System:Neurohumoral transmission in the C.N.S., General Anesthetics, Alcohols and disulfiram, Sedatives, Hypnotics, Anti-anxiety agents and Centrally acting muscle relaxants, Psychopharmacological agents (anti-psychotics), anti-maniacs and hallucinogens, Antidepressants, Anti-epileptics drugs, Anti-Parkinsonian drugs, Analgesics, Antipyretics, Narcotic analgesics and antagonists, C.N.S. stimulants, Drug Addiction and Drug Abuse.

g)      Pharmacology of Cardiovascular System:Drugs used in the management of congestive cardiac failure, Antihypertensive drugs, Anti-anginal and Vasodilator drugs, including calcium channel blockers and beta adrenergic antagonists, Anti-arrhythmic drugs, Anti-hyperlipedemic drugs, Drugs used in the therapy of shock.

h)      Drugs acting on the Hemopoietic System: Hematinics, Anticoagulants, Vitamin K and haemostatic agents, Fibrinolytic and anti-platelet drugs, Blood and plasma volume expanders. Drugs acting on urinary system: Fluid and electrolyte balance, Diuretics.

i)        Autacoids: Histamine, Antihistaminic drugs, 5-HT- its agonists and antagonists, Prostaglandins, thromboxanes and leukotrienes, Angiotensin, Bradykinin and Substance P and other vasoactive peptides, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and anti-gout agents.

j)        Drugs Acting on the Respiratory System: Anti-asthmatic drugs including bronchodilators, Anti-tussives and expectorants, Respiratory stimulants.Drugs acting on the Gastrointestinal Tract: Antacids, Anti-secretory and Anti-ulcer drugs, Laxatives and anti-diarrhoeal drugs, Appetite Stimulants and Suppressants, Emetics and anti-emetics, Miscellaneous: Carminatives, demulcents, protectives, adsorbents, astringents, digestants, enzymes and mucolytics.

k)      Pharmacology of Endocrine System:Hypothalamic and pituitary hormones, Thyroid hormones and anti thyroid drugs, parathormone, calcitonin and Vitamin D, Insulin, glucagons, incretins, oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin analogs, ACTH and corticosteroids, Androgens and anabolic steroids, Estrogens, progesterone and oral contraceptives, Drugs acting on the uterus.Chemotherapy: General Principles of Chemotherapy, Bacterial resistance; Sulfonamides and cotrimoxazole, Antibiotics-Penicillins, Cephalosporins, Aminoglycosides, Chloramphenicol,Macrolides, Tetracyclines, Quinolones, fluoroquinolones and Miscellaneous antibiotics; Chemotherapy of tuberculosis, leprosy, fungal diseases, viral diseases, HIV and AIDS, urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases, malaria, amoebiasis and other protozoal infections and Anthelmentics. Chemotherapy of malignancy and immunosuppressive agents.

l)        Principles of Toxicology: Definition of poison, general principles of treatment of poisoning with particular reference to barbiturates, opioids, organophosphorous and atropine poisoning, Heavy metals and heavy metal antagonists.Basic Concepts of Pharmacotherapy: Clinical Pharmacokinetics and individualization of Drug therapy, Drug delivery systems and their Biopharmaceutic& Therapeutic considerations, Drugs used during infancy and in the elderly persons (Pediatrics & Geriatrics), Drugs used during pregnancy, Drug induced diseases, The basics of drug interactions, General principles of clinical toxicology, Common clinical laboratory tests and their interpretation

m)    Important Disorders of Organs, Systems and their Management: Cardio-vascular disorders-Hypertension, Congestive heart failure, Angina, Acute myocardial infarction, Cardiac arrhythmias; CNS Disorders: Epilepsy, Parkinsonism, Schizophrenia; Depression Respiratory disease-Asthma; Gastrointestinal Disorders-Peptic ulcer, Ulcerative colitis, Hepatitis, Cirrhosis; Endocrine Disorders-Diabetes mellitus and Thyroid disorders; Infectious Diseases-Tuberculosis, Urinary tract infections, Enteric infections, Upper respiratory infections; Hematopoietic Disorders- Anemias; Joint and Connective tissue disorders-Rheumatic diseases, Gout and Hyperuricemia; Neoplastic Diseases-Acute Leukaemias, Hodgkin’s disease. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, Concept of Essential Drugs and Rational Drug use.


Sources of Drugs: Biological, marine, mineral and plant tissue cultures as sources of drugs

Classification of Drugs: Morphological, taxonomical, chemical and pharmacological classification of drugsStudy of medicinally important plantsbelonging to the families with special reference to: Apocynacae, Solanaceae, Rutacease, Umbelliferae, Leguminosae, Rubiaceae, Liliaceae, Graminae, Labiatae, Cruciferae, Papaveraceae;

Quality Control of Crude Drugs: Adulteration of crude drugs and their detection by organoleptic, microscopic, physical, chemical and biological methods and properties. Introduction to Active Constituents of Drugs:their isolation, classification and properties. Phytochemical Screening: Preparation of extracts, Screening of alkaloids, saponins, cardenolides and bufadienolides, flavonoids and leucoanthocyanidins, tannins and polyphenols, anthraquinones, cynogenetic glycosides, amino acids in plant extracts;

Systematic pharmacognostic study of the followings:Carbohydrates and derived products: Agar, Guar gum, Acacia, Honey, Isabagol, Pectin, Starch, Sterculia and Tragacanth; Lipids: Bees wax, Castor oil, Cocoa butter, Codliver oil, Hydnocarpus oil, Kokum butter, Lard, Linseed oil, Rice, Bran oil, Shark liver oil and Wool fat; Resins:Study of Drugs Containing Resins and Resin Combinations like Colophony, podophyllum, jalap, cannabis, capsicum, myrrh, asafoetida, balsam of Tolu, balsam of Peru, benzoin, turmeric, ginger; Tannins: Study of tannins and tannin containing drugs like Gambier, black catechu, gall and myrobalan; Volatile Oils:General methods of obtaining volatile oils from plants, Study of volatile oils of Mentha, Coriander, Cinnamon, Cassia, Lemon peel, Orange peel, Lemon grass, Citronella, Caraway, Dill, Spearmint, Clove, Fennel, Nutmeg, Eucalyptus, Chenopodium, Cardamom, Valerian, Musk, Palmarosa, Gaultheria, Sandal wood;

Fibers: Study of fibers used in pharmacy such as cotton, silk, wool, nylon, glass-wool, polyester and asbestos.Study of the biological sources, cultivation, collection, commercial varieties, chemical constituents, substitutes, adulterants, uses, diagnostic macroscopic and microscopic features and specific chemical tests of following groups of drugs:

Glycoside Containing Drugs: saponins :iquorice, ginseng, dioscorea, sarsaparilla, and senega; Cardioactiveglycosides:digitalis, squill, strophanthus and thevetia; Anthraquinonecathartics:aloe, senna, rhubarb and cascara; Others:Psoralea, Ammimajus, Ammivisnaga, gentian, saffron, chirata, quassia.

Alkaloid Containing Drugs: Pyridine-piperidine:tobacco, areca and lobelia; Tropane: belladonna, hyoscyamus, datura, duboisia, coca and withania;Quinoline and Isoquinoline:Cinchona, ipecac, opium; Indole:ergot, rauwolfia, catharanthus, nux-vomica and physostigma;Imidazole:pilocarpus;

Steroidal: veratrum and kurch; Alkaloid Amine: ephedra and colchicum; Glycoalkaloid: solanum; Purines: coffee, tea and cola. Biological sources, preparation, identification tests and uses of the following enzymes: Diastase, pippin, pepsin, tyrosine, pancreatic.

Section “C”

a)      Biochemistry in pharmaceutical sciences: The concept of free energy, Determination of change in free energy – from equilibrium constant and reduction potential, bioenergetics, production of ATP and its biological significance;

b)      Enzymes: Nomenclature, enzyme kinetics and their mechanism of action, mechanism of inhibition, enzymes and iso-enzymes in clinical diagnosis;

c)       Co-enzymes: Vitamins as co-enzymes and their significance. Metals as cofactors and their significance; Carbohydrate Metabolism: Conversion of polysaccharides to glucose-1-phosphate, Glycolysis, fermentation and their regulation, Gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis, Metabolism of galactose and galactosemia, Role of sugar nucleotides in biosynthesis, and Pentose phosphate pathway;

d)      The Citric Acid Cycle:Significance, reactions and energetics of the cycle, Amphibolic role of the cycle, and Glyoxalic acid cycle;

e)      Lipids Metabolism :Oxidation of fatty acids, ß-oxidation & energetics, biosynthesis of ketone bodies and their utilization, biosynthesis of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, Control of lipid metabolism, Essential fatty acids & eicosanoids (prostaglandins, thromboxanes and leukotrienes), phospholipids, and sphingolipids, Biosynthesis of eicosanoids, cholesterol, androgens, progesterone, estrogens corticosteroids and bile acids;

f)       Biological Oxidation: Redox-potential, enzymes and co-enzymes involved in oxidation reduction & its control, The respiratory chain, its role in energy capture and its control, energetic of oxidative phosphorylation. Inhibitors of respiratory chain and oxidative phosphorylation, Mechanism of oxidative.

g)      Metabolism of ammonia and nitrogen containing monomers: Nitrogen balance, Biosynthesis of amino acids, Catabolism of amino acids, Conversion of amino acids to specialized products, Assimilation of ammonia, Urea. cycle, metabolic disorders of urea cycle, Metabolism of sulphur containing amino acids;

h)      Purina biosynthesis: Perrine nucleotide inter-conversions; Pyramiding biosynthesis and formation of deoxyribounucleotides;

i)        Biosynthesis of Nucleic Acids: Brief introduction of genetic organization of the mammalian genome, alteration and rearrangements of genetic material, Biosynthesis of DNA and its replications;

j)        Mutation: Physical & chemical mutagenesis/carcinogenesis, DNA repair mechanism. Biosynthesis of RNA;

k)      Genetic Code and Protein Synthesis: Genetic code, Components of protein synthesis and Inhibition of protein synthesis.


o   Structure and Classification of microbes and their taxonomy: Actinomycetes, bacteria, rickettsiae, spirochetes and viruses;

o   Identification of Microbes: Stains and types of staining techniques, electron microscopy; Nutrition, cultivation, isolation of bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, viruses, etc; Microbial genetics and variation; Control of microbes by physical and chemical methods: Disinfection, factors influencing disinfectants, dynamics of disinfection, disinfectants and antiseptics and their evaluation;

o   Sterilization: different methods, validation of sterilization methods &equipments; Sterility testing of all pharmaceutical products. Microbial assays of antibiotics, vitamins & amino acids. Immunology and Immunological Preparations: antigens and heptanes, immune system, cellular/humeral immunity, immunological tolerance, antigen-antibody reactions and their applications. Hypersensitivity, active and passive immunization. Vaccines and sera: their preparation, standardization and storage.

o   Genetic Recombination: Transformation, conjugation, transduction, protoplast fusion and gene cloning and their applications. Development of hybridism for monoclonal antibodies. Study of drugs produced by biotechnology such as Activates, Hamelin, Hum trope, HB etc;

o   Antibiotics: Historical development of antibiotics. Antimicrobial spectrum and methods used for their standardization. Screening of soil for organisms producing antibiotics, fermented, its design, control of different parameters. Isolation of mutants, factors influencing rate of mutation. Design of fermentation process. Isolation of fermentation products with special reference to penicillin, streptomycinstetracyclines and vitamin B12.

Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence (C)

Pharmaceutical Legislations: A brief review of Drugs & Pharmaceutical Industry; Pharmaceutical Education-An elaborate study of the followings: Pharmaceutical Ethics; Pharmacy Act 1948; Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945; Medicinal & Toilet Preparations (Excise Duties) Act 1955; Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substances Act 1985 & Rules; Drugs Price Control Order;

A brief study of the following Acts with special reference to the main provisions and the latest amendments: Poisons Act 1919; Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act 1954; Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1970 & Rules 1975; Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960; States Shops & Establishments Act & Rules; Insecticides Act 1968; AICTE Act 1987; Factories Act 1948; Minimum Wages Act 1948; Patents Act 1970.

A brief study of the various Prescription/Non-prescription Products. Medical/Surgical accessories, diagnostic aids, appliances available in the market.

Syllabus for MBA & MCA

Section “A”
Verbal Ability: Vocabulary Based (Synonyms Antonyms), English Usage or Grammar, Sentence Correction, Fill

in the blanks, Close Passage, Analogies or Reverse Analogies, Jumbled Paragraph, Meaning-

Usage Match, Summary Questions, Verbal Reasoning, Facts/Inferences/Judgments, Reading


Section “B”
Quantitative Ability: Geometry (Lines, angles, Triangles, Spheres, Rectangles, Cube, Cone etc.), Ratios and Proportion, Percentages, In-equations Quadratic and linear equations, Algebra, Profit & Loss

Averages, Partnership (Accounts), Time-Speed-Distance, Work and time, Number system, HCF

& LCM Geometric Progression, Arithmetic progression, Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean,

Harmonic mean, Median, Mode, Number Base System, BODMAS, Menstruation, Allegation &

Mixtures, Work, Pipes and Cisterns, Simple Interest & Compound Interest, Set Theory, Venn

diagram, Installment Payments, Clocks, Probability, Permutations Combinations, Trigonometry,

Vectors, Binomial Expansion, Co-ordinate geometry, Logarithm, Calendar, Maxima & Minima

Progression, Surds & Indices, Complex numbers.

Section “C”
ü  Data Interpretation and Reasoning: There will be questions of data interpretation which will be mostly based of various graphs.

ü  Graphs: Column graphs, Bar Graphs, Line charts, Pie Chart, Graphs representing Area, Venn diagram etc.

ü  Reasoning: Critical reasoning, Visual reasoning, Assumption-Premise-Conclusion, Assertion and reasons, Statements and assumptions, Identifying valid inferences, Identifying arguments, Statements and conclusions, Cause and Effect, Identifying probably true probably false, Definitely true definitely false kind of statement, Linear arrangements, Matrix arrangements (Puzzles, Syllogisms, Functions), Family tree – identifying relationship among group of people, Symbol Based problems, Coding and decoding, Sequencing etc.

Section “D”
Business Awareness (Only for MBA): Current Affairs, General Knowledge, Business, Punch line of companies, Top officials of big companies, Major corporate events, Famous award and prizes, World Records, Books and authors, Science, History, Geography, International organizations, Important quotations, Social issues, Sports, Finance, Automobiles, Entertainment, Politics etc.
Computer Awareness (Only for MCA): Current Affairs, General Knowledge, Elements of computers, Number systems, Basic electronic gates, Boolean algebra, Flip-Flops. Systems, Programming and Operating System, Fundamentals of ‘C’ language.

That given information is on the basis of last year exam syllabus. We will update you about latest information from this webpage after release of official notification. You can bookmark this webpage to know latest updates about HPCET 2016 syllabus.


HPCET 2016 Seats Availability For Under Graduate Programme

HPCET 2016 Seats Availability For Under Graduate Programme: HPCET stand for Himachal Pradesh Common Entrance Test conducted by Himachal Pradesh Technical University. HPTU will be announced of HPCET 2016 seats available in different institution along with courses and their intake/ (Actual admission) affiliated of Himachal Pradesh technical University for 2016-17 in under graduate programme for the candidates who want to apply for various courses in Himachal Pradesh colleges. Those students who want to apply in this examination they can must see the Seats availability section.

Seats availability for under graduate programme

J.N. Govt. Engineering College, Bhechandhar, Sunder nagar, Distt. Mandi-175018
Civil Engineering Information Technology engineering Computer Science & Engineering Electronics & Communication Engineering Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Electrical & electronics Engineering Automobile Engineering Textile Engineering B. Pharmacy B. Pharmacy(Ayurveda)
60 60 60 60
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Govt. Institute of Engineering and Technology, Pragati nagar, Distt. Shimla-171202
60 60  
College of Ayurveda Pharmaceutical Sciences, Joginder nagar, Distt. Mandi-175015 (HP)
Government College of Pharmacy, Rohru, Distt. Shimla-171207 (HP)
Bells Institute of Management & Technology, Knowledge City Mehli, Distt.Shimla-171013(H.P.)
90 90 60 60 90
Dev Bhumy Institute of Engineering & Technology, Village Chandpur, Tehsil Haroli, Distt. Una-177220(H.P.)
60 60 60 90 60
Green Hills Engineering College, Gandhi Gram, KumarhattiNahan Road, P.O. Bohali, Distt. Solan 173229 (H.P.)
120 60 60 90 60 120
Himachal Institute of Engineering & Technology, Vidyanagar, Near Central University, P.O. Dramman, Tehsil Shahpur, Distt. Kangra-176223
90 60 60 60 120 60
Himachal Institute of Technology, Rampur Ghat Road, Opposite Dental College Paonta Sahib, Distt. Sirmour-173025(H.P.)
40 60 40 40 40
Himalayan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Kala Amb, Tehsil Nahan, Distt. Sirmour-173030 (H.P.)
120 120 120 60 120
IITT College of Engineering, Kala Amb, Village JohronTrilokpur Road, Kala Amb, Distt. Sirmour-173030(H.P.)
60 120 120 60 120
K.C. Group of Research and Professional Institute, Pandoga, V.P.O. UparlaPandoga, Tehsil Haroli, Distt. Una-177207(H.P.)
90 60 60 60 120
L.R. Institute of Engineering &Technology, Village Jabli-Kyar, P.O. Oachghat, Sultanpur Road, Distt. Solan-173223 (H.P.)
90 60 90 90 60 90
MIT College of Engineering & Management, Village GanohRajputan, P.O. Bani, Tehsil Barsar, Distt. Hamirpur-174304(H.P.)
120 60 60 60 120 60
Shiva Institute of Engineering & Technology, Village Luhanoo Kanaitan, P.O. Chandpur, Tehsil Sadar, Distt. Bilaspur-174004(H.P.)
120 60 40 120 60
SIRDA Institute of Engineering Technology NH-21, Naulakha, P.O Kanaid, Tehsil Sundernagar, Distt. Mandi-175019(H.P.)
120 60 90 90 120 120
T.R. Abhilashi Memorial Institute of Engineering & Technology, Village Tanda, P.O. Balt (Ner-Chowk), Tehsil Sadar, Distt. Mandi-175008(H.P.)
120 60 60 60 120
Vaishno College of Engineering, Village Thapkour, P.O. Bhadroya, Tehsil Nurpur, Distt. Kangra-176403(H.P.)
120 60 60 60 90
Abhilashi College of Pharmacy Village Tanda, P.O Balt (Ner-Chowk) Tehsil Sadar, Distt. Mandi-175008 (HP)
DDM College of Pharmacy, GondpurBanehra (Upper), Tehsil Amb, Distt. Una-177312
Dreamz College of Pharmacy, VillageKhilra, P.O. Meramasit, Tehsil Sundernagar, Distt. Mandi-175036
Himachal Institute of Pharmaceutical & Research (HIPER), VPO Nadaun, Distt. Hamirpur-177033
Himachal Institute of Pharmacy, Rampur Ghat Road, Paonta Sahib, Distt. Sirmour-173025
Himalayan Institute of Pharmacy, Kala-Amb, Tehsil Nahan, Distt. Sirmour-173030 (HP)
K.C. Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, V.P.O. PandogaUparla, Distt. Una-177207
L.R. Institute of Pharmacy, Village Jabli-Kyar, P.O. Oachghat, Sultanpur Road, Distt. Solan-173223 (HP)
Laureate Institute of Pharmacy, VPO Kathog, Tehsil Jawalaji, Distt. Kangra-177101
Sai Ram Education Trust’s College of B.Pharmacy VPO Tipper, Tehsil Barsar, Distt. Hamirpur-174312
Vinayaka College of Pharmacy, Village Bahoguna, P.O. Garsa, Tehsil Bhuntar, Distt. Kullu-175141


That given information is on the basis of last year exam pattern. We will update you about latest information from this webpage after release of official notification. You can bookmark this webpage to know latest updates about HPCET 2016 seats availability for under graduate programme.

HPCET 2016 Reservation Criteria

HPCET 2016 Reservation Criteria: Himachal Pradesh Technical University will be announced the Reservation Criteria of HPCET 2016 for those candidates who want to get admissions to various courses at the colleges in the State. HPCET 2016 reservation criteria detail of which are reserved for different categories at the time of providing admissions to the candidates in various programmes in the State colleges. Those candidates, who belong to any of the reserved category they must read reservation criteria.

Reservation criteria for HPCET 2016

  1. Other Backward Classes (OBC) – Non Creamy Layer as per the Central list of Other Backward Classes available on National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC), Government of India.
  2. Scheduled Castes (SC).
  3. Scheduled Tribes (ST).

That given information is on the basis of last year exam pattern. We will update you about latest information from this webpage after release of official notification. You can bookmark this webpage to know latest updates about HPCET 2016 reservation Criteria.

Note: The benefit of reservation for admission will be given only for Himachal Bonafide candidates and those candidates belonging to other States will be treated under General Category only.

Download HPCET 2016 Information Brochure

Download HPCET 2016 Information Brochure: Himachal Pradesh Technical University will be published the information brochure of HPCET 2016 for those candidates who want to get admissions in HP Technical University. All information about HPCET 2016 application form, exam fee, exam center, exam schedule, student’s eligibility, notification last date of submitting the application form, how to apply for HPCET 2016 exam etc include in the information brochure. Those students who can apply in this examination they can must read information brochure HPCET 2016.

How can download information brochure HPCET 2016

  1. Students log on to the HPCET 2016 official website.
  2. HPCET 2016 official website which is himtu.ac.in.
  3. Click the link “HPCET 2016 Information Brochure”.
  4. You can see the HPCET 2016 information brochure on the monitor screen.
  5. Then you can download the HPCET 2016 information brochure in PDF formate.

That given information is on the basis of last year exam pattern. We will update you about latest information from this webpage after release of official notification. You can bookmark this webpage to know latest updates about HPCET 2016 information brochure.

HPCET 2016 Important Information for Candidates

HPCET 2016 Important Information for Candidates: Those candidates appear in the HPCET 2016 examination they must read the HPCET information section because this is very important section in the HPCET 2016 examination. In this section mention all instructions for candidates prepared to take admission in Government /Private Universities of Himachal Pradesh.

Important information for HPCET 2016

  • Candidates want to take admission in Universities (other than Himachal Pradesh Technical University or its affiliated colleges) will be apply on the prescribed application form available on the official website of concerned University.
  • Students get information about Private Universities in Himachal Pradesh so we have advised to visit the official website of concerned Universities and in case of Private Universities they may visit (www.himachal.nic.in/perc) of Himachal Pradesh Private Educational Institutions regulatory Commission, Majitha House, Shimla-2 .
  • The HPCET-2016 application will be completely fill the online.
  • Affix also uploads their photograph and signature.
  • The candidates are advised to send hard copy of the application confirmation page to the Registrar, Himachal Pradesh Technical University, Gandhi Chowk, Hamirpur (H.P).
  • Application processing cum test fee may be paid either by credit/debit card or through e-challan generated during the online filling of the Application Form.
  • In case of e-challan, the payment should be made in the Punjab National Bank in cash.
  • Application Processing cum Test Fee once paid will not be refunded (full or partial) under any situation.
  • There will be not changed in offline mode.
  • Mention complete address giving your name and PINCODE, carefully.
  • The name of the candidate and his/her parent’s name in the application form must exactly be the same as registered in Class 10th/ qualifying Examination.
  • There will be not used prefix/title such as Mr/Shri/Dr/Mrs/Smt etc.
  • The use of address of any Coaching Centre/Institution is strictly prohibited.
  • There are no options can be changed at a later stage after submission of an application.
  • You must quote your application form number as reference in all your future correspondence.
  • The decision of the HPTU regarding the eligibility of any applicant should be final.
  • Applicants prepared to take admission in Campus of Himachal Pradesh Technical University or colleges/Institutions associated to it are required to apply separately on the given application form made available in HPTU official website.
  • Admission Prospectus containing instructions for filling on line application-cum-counselling form and other related details will be available on the website of the University by June 1, 2015.
  • Applicants have to attend centralized counselling to be conducted by HPT University as per schedule given in the Admission Prospectus.

That given information is on the basis of last year exam pattern. We will update you about latest information from this webpage after release of official notification. You can bookmark this webpage to know latest updates about HPCET 2016 important information for candidates.



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